Monday, April 7, 2014

Commander Riker of the Steamship Enterprise

Welcome to my costume walkthrough for steampunk Commander Riker, of the Steamship Enterprise! I wanted to create a Victorian-era naval jacket version of Commander Riker's uniform from Star Trek for a convention we were going to. This was my first attempt at a jacket, and I learned that the only thing you need to say to bond with other crafters is "SLEEVES ARE EVIL!". I put around 30 hours of work into this, so I was pleased as punch when it looked as good as it did.

So, this jacket was inspired by the amazing work of citizenkaneV on Deviantart, also known as Steven J. Connell, pictured below. 

Look how inspiring he is!

Jim was hesitant to come to AnomalyCon with me, but when I told him he could go as a steampunk version of Commander William Riker from Star Trek: The Next Generation, in this jacket, he suddenly became very agreeable.

C'mon, how you not want to be this guy? He exudes cool.

So I contacted Steven and asked him how he made such an awesome jacket. He kindly told me that he used a combination of Simplicity 2333 and Butterick 3648 (which is currently out of print) to make his jacket. I only used Simplicity 2333, but it still turned out just fine.

This was a big learning experience for me, and since I wanted it to look right, I decided to make a muslin. A muslin is the fancy term for a practice project, traditionally made out of muslin, but I made mine out of a large bedsheet from my local thrift store. This way I knew how to sew everything together, and what the end result would look like.

I labeled each piece, so I would know which pattern pieces I would need to change, and made notes where needed. For instance, I ended up not using pattern piece #9, which is the two front bottom panels. I also wanted a muslin so I could figure out how to cut pieces for the yoke.

The 'yoke' refers to a garment piece that sits on the shoulders and around the neck. For the Star Trek TNG uniform, it's the black top part. For the amount of die-hard Trekkies out there, it is incredibly hard to find what the exact measurements of the yoke are. After much searching, I came up with 5" from the back of the neck down, and then 4.5" from the shoulder seam onto the sleeve. 

After trying it on Jim, I decided to go with 5.5" on the front. I took all the pieces apart and cut along the line I drew. Since I knew the likelihood of me forgetting that there was no seam allowance on the parts I cut, I taped a 5/8" piece to the yoke patterns.

For fabric, I bought between 3.5 and 4 yards of red wool, and 1 yard of black wool. I had plenty of red and barely enough black, so take that as you will.

It's like fabric tetris!

In order to keep the fabric from wrinkling, I sewed using a 3/8ths seam allowance in one way, and then 5/8ths the other.

After sewing the pieces together, I ironed it out and attached the facing, which helped smooth out the remaining wrinkles.

The interesting part was trying to get the lines to match up just right. I knew I'd be covering it with a braided trim later, but it was the principle of thing, darn it!

After sewing the front and back together, I made the collar, and added the black braid about a 1/8th from the edge, and then attached it to the neck piece.

Then came the interesting part. Sleeves. *DUN DUN DUNNNNN*

I decided to topstitch the sleeve yoke on, that way I could adjust it if it didn't fit perfectly. And what do you know, it didn't.

After trying several methods, the most effective one seemed to be basting (sewing with the longest stitch) the sleeve first, then pin on the triangle. Once the edges are lined up to satisfaction, I seam ripped the top of the sleeve, topstitched the yoke, then reattached the sleeve.

It turned out alright, if I do say so myself! Only semi-noticeable, which given the insidious nature of sleeves in general, I took as a win.

 I then pinned the braid along where the two colors met, pinched and folded the point so it would be a continuous line, and was fairly pleased at how professional it looked!

Now that the sleeves had been conquered, I added the front facing of black wool to the lining, and took it one step closer to completion!

Once the lining was in, I added black braid to the folded back edges in the front, then started working on the cuffs. I had done quite a bit of research into what jackets commanders in the Royal Navy wore around the 1850's, mostly by visiting the Royal Maritime Museum website.


Uniform of a Sub-Lieutenant from 1861 on Left, 1867 Commander's Uniform on Right.

If you notice from above, the double row of buttons was standard, and the type of button, along with the number of stripes on the cuff, denoted rank. I unfortunately didn't have time to add the strips on Jim's cuffs, but that's a project for the future.

Just you wait... I will add your stripes, see if I don't!

One thing I did make sure to do was use period-accurate buttons. Different officers used different buttons depending on rank and what military they belonged to. The Royal Navy Captain and Commander's button was a fouled anchor (anchor with a rope going through it) with a crown above it. 

After some thorough searches, I found some on eBay for a fair price. There were 24 of them, which worked out well, since I wasn't sure how many I was going to use in the double row in front (I guessed between 5 and 8), plus I needed two buttons for above the coat tails, and two more for the collar. I was also thinking of adding three to each cuff, but they looked better without. I might add them on later as well.

If I had to do it over again, I would have added several more inches to the front bodice. I only had about a five inch overlap, and thus could only space my buttons about 3 inches apart.


Jim looked pretty pleased, though.

After sewing on the buttons to the collar and the tails, we placed the Star Trek command pips and communicator. and we were all finished!

Don't we make such an adorkable couple?


We had a great time at AnomalyCon, and Jim won second place in the Division 2 of the Costume Contest! Yay!

Thanks for reading, and if you have any comments or questions, feel free to comment below!

Wednesday, April 2, 2014

Steampunk Tinkerbell!

Hello All! Well, I did it! My steampunk Tinker Bell costume and Jim's Commander Riker jacket finally came together - and just in time!

I'll be giving a walkthrough on how I made my costume, but first, for those of you unfamiliar with steampunk, I'll try and give a short introduction. Steampunk is a sub-culture that tries to imagine what the Victorian-era idea of the future would look like. Perhaps everything is powered by steam, and airships are the main mode of transportation. H.G. Wells' War of the Worlds and Jules Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea and Around the World in 80 Days are works that have a very steampunk feel, with large mechanical monsters and clockwork gadgetry.

I wanted to be Tinker Bell because she's one of my favorite characters, but focus on the fact that she was a tinker.

"She is quite a common fairy," Peter explained apologetically, "she is called Tinker Bell because she mends the pots and kettles." - Chapter 3, Peter Pan by J.M. Barrie

A tinker was a tinsmith, someone who repaired household items rather than making them. I thought this fit in perfectly with the idea of steampunk, and wanted to make a character who combined metalwork and magic. So I did what any crafter does for research - created a Pinterest Board.

This post is in three sections:
1. Skirt
2. Wings
3. Flight pack

First was the bustle skirt. I used the shorter bustle option of Simplicity 1819, and found fabric that was the perfect color of shiny green at a fabric warehouse sale. I bought some burnished bronze fabric as contrast at Joann's, which balanced out the shininess a little.

The pattern was fairly easy to follow, except for one typo on the pattern piece. I don't know if it was just mine, or every pattern has it and everyone else who used it is smarter than me, but for piece 18, cut two pieces of both the main fabric and the contrast fabric. Save yourself a headache and confusion at not having two side panels.

Or whatever these guys are called.

Yeah, thanks for making sure I have the right amount of pieces, Simplicity! *sarcasm*

But after a while, it started to look like a real skirt, bustle and everything!

Although my cat was convinced that petting her was far more important than sewing.

Judgy cat face of judginess

After it was done, I readjusted some of where I wanted the bustles to be with safety pins, and voila! My skirt was done. 

The left picture is Before Safety Pins, the right one is After.

Whee! Bustles! (Please forgive the messy craft room. Things sort of... expand there.)

On to the wings!

For the wings, I followed a combination of tutorials, but the main one was Flying-Fox's Fantasy Film Wing Tutorial on Deviantart, along with FirePixieFashion's Cellophane Wing Tutorial. The supplies I used were craft aluminum wire (12 gauge), steel wire (14 gauge), a wire cutter. and needlenose pliers.

And now, a Learn From My Mistake moment: Use the steel wire, hard as it is to bend and move, as the frame of the wings. Craft wire cuts like butter and agreeably bends however you want it to, so it's great for the curly decorative bits, but it cannot hold its own weight for an extended period of time (a whole Saturday at a steampunk convention, for instance). You will get very sad droopy wings and then you will make sad faces and then your husband will gallantly carry said wings for you and reassure you that we can remake them. We have the technology!

The tools of the crafting trade. 

I enlisted the help of my friend Stephanie, who has infinitely more talent at drawing things than I do, and after looking at several Tinker Bell wing references (read: Disney Fairy Coloring Book pages), we put together a beautiful wing pattern (drawn on a flattened out paper bag from the grocery store).

See? It's so pretty!

After some struggles with the wire, we made a fairly good replica of the pattern. I also discovered that metal (aluminum) repair duct tape (which you can get at your local hardware store), if cut up into smaller strips, makes a great method for getting wire bits to stay together without looking like you used duct tape.

Look at how fairy-like they look!

Since I wanted them to be copper colored, but copper wire itself was far more expensive, I simply spray painted the wires with some Rust-Oleum Hammered Copper. Once they had dried, I covered them with spray adhesive and laid them down on green iridescent cellophane that I picked up at Michaels.

 I then covered both wings with the heaviest books I could find so that the wires would be flat as the glue dried.

I used Strong's Exhaustive Biblical Concordance plus Feynman's Lectures on Physics because I wanted metaphorically weighty books as well.

Once dried, I cut about an inch away from the frame, and got really excited about how shiny they were. (Can you tell I'm a bit of a magpie?)

The next step was melting the cellophane, so it would shrink around the metal and add extra iridescence.

To melt the cellophane without turning it into a sticky mess, use a piece of paper in between the wing and your iron, and place it on the lowest setting, moving up one if the job isn't getting done. Cut off the cellophane about a half to quarter inch from your frame, and place your iron directly on it to get the edges properly melted. 

In the end, they should look like this:

Eeee! It's so shiny! I feel more magical already!

Next, the flight pack.

Tink's flight pack was the idea I had the hardest time visualizing how I was going to create it. A wood box, maybe? But I couldn't find anything the right size. Thrift a hiking backpack? But I wanted something with a hard surface!

Then I found this guy at a tiny antiques shop. It used to hold slides for old projectors, but it was the perfect shape and size to be repurposed as a flight pack.

It started off a hideous shade of green, so I painted it at the same time as my wing wires with the Hammered Copper.

You can just see the leaf buckle I found on a belt at my local thrift store, which I was inordinately pleased about.

Once proper entertainment was playing, I put masking tape around the hinges and used my gold Rub N' Buff to accent them. We had drilled four holes in the corners for my harness before painting (drilling after something has been painted will often cause the paint to crack and flake), so I acquired the correct nuts and bolts and attached some thrifted belts from my collection.

Overall, I think it came out very well! 

The cat was displeased that we were paying attention to something besides her.

Once the pack itself was complete, I moved on to the accouterments that I wanted to add. I had found an old Stormoguide from an estate sale, which worked perfectly with the idea that Tink would need to know the humidity and temperature and such before flying. 

For the gauges, I used Jen's excellent tutorial over at Epbot to make my own out of sliding door pulls, printed paper, clock hands from Michaels, and epoxy. For the gauge backgrounds, I googled 'antique gauges', then photoshopped the needle and background out, and added some tiny lettering for my own amusement (kudos to you if you can make out what they say!).

Notice the metal tape? Use that to cover up the holes in the door pulls, because epoxy will melt right through ordinary tape.

Also, make sure you work in a ventilated area that is not in your house, because epoxy had a very strong odor.

I really wanted to have a tube of floating gold glitter on my pack, which turned out to be harder than I expected. For the tube itself, I used two female ends of plastic ABS fittings to connect to a bottle of glass with the top cut off, and decorated it with silver Rub N' Buff.

Protip: If you don't want to use your fingers, Q-tips make excellent Rub N' Buff brushes. 

Jim then picked up some 'Steel Hanger Strap' from Ace, which I couldn't help thinking that looked like the edges of old printer paper I used to tear off and fold into accordions, and used it to attach my tube contraption.

I marked where I wanted my gauges, and then after putting waterproof sealant where the bottle edge met the plastic, my wonderful friend Carissa helped me make a concoction of salt and soap water so my glitter wouldn't immediately sink to the bottom. She also made me LED lights that lit up when I moved! Here's the lesson for you kids - make friends with awesome people who happen to be electrical engineers.

My next task was creating 'ye olde style' labels, which I did with some $5 'metal bookplates' from the Martha Stewart section of Staples, a steampunky font I downloaded, and a method I've used to make Hogwarts letters and 'No Admittance Except on Party Business' signs.

The first step to make old-looking paper - drown it in tea!

I cover a cookie sheet with aluminum, let the tea soak through the paper, then drain off the excess, and bake it in a 200 degree oven for 7 to 9 minutes.

Voila! Olde paper!

With the paper ready, I was finally ready to put the finishing touches on my pack.

Get it? Faith, Trust, and Pixie Dust! Because I'm Tinker Bell! Get it, eh, eh?

As a last minute addition, I attached a gold chain I got at an estate sale to a belt I got at a thrift store, and added all the bits and bobs that I had been collecting; ranging from actual tinker's tools, a lamp that Tink made and at one time held a genie, some copper measuring cups, bells, leather leaf holsters for my phone and camera, and a lantern she claimed as a prize from Capt Hook.

The overall effect was rather fairy-like, if I do say so myself!

Wonderful picture by TofuSnow Photography during the costume contest

Perhaps I'll pop inside for a visit with the Doctor!

Well, that is one very extensive post about my steampunk Tinkerbell costume, but I hope you enjoyed reading it. Please feel free to ask questions in the comments.

Thanks for reading! Tune in next time for how to make Steampunk Commander Riker from the Steamship Enterprise!